Types, Features and Advantages of Equity Shares

Equity Shares

Investing in the stock market can be intimidating, especially for those who are new to it. However, the equity market, also known as the stock market, can be a great way to build wealth over time. In this article, we will discuss the different types of equity shares, the features of equity shares, the advantages of investing in equity shares, factors to consider when investing in equity shares, and how the equity market compares to other investment options.

Introduction to the Equity Market

Publicly traded companies can offer stock in their company to investors on the equity market. You acquire a portion of a corporation when you purchase shares of it. As a shareholder, you can vote on specific business decisions and to receive dividends that represent a piece of the company’s earnings.

Share values constantly fluctuate in the equity market, making it a potentially dangerous environment. Yet, historically speaking, compared to alternative investment options like bonds or savings accounts, the equities market has delivered superior returns over the long run.

Types of Equity Shares

Common stock and preferred stock are the two primary categories of equity shares. The most typical form of equity share is common stock, which denotes ownership in an organization. Common stock owners are entitled to vote on corporate decisions and earn dividends if the firm chooses to do so.

On the other hand, preferred stock signifies ownership in a firm but does not grant the power to vote. Instead, preferred owners usually get a predetermined dividend payment that is distributed ahead of dividends to common stockholders.

Features of Equity Shares

Equity shares stand out from other investing options thanks to several characteristics. The possibility for capital growth is one of the most important characteristics of equity shares. Investors may be able to resell their shares at a profit when a firm does successfully due to an increase in share price.

The liquidity of equity shares is another characteristic. Equity shares are a more flexible investment option than other assets like real estate since they can be bought and traded quickly. In addition, equity shares often provide larger returns than other types of investments, however at a higher level of risk.

Advantages of Investing in Equity Shares

Equity share investments have several benefits. The possibility for substantial long-term gains is one benefit. The benefit of diversifying your portfolio is one of the benefits of investing in equity shares. You can diversify your risk and lessen the effect of the performance of any one firm on your portfolio by investing in a variety of businesses in various industries.

Finally, equity share investments can generate a passive income stream through dividends. While not all businesses pay dividends, those that do can offer investors a consistent source of income.


The equity market can be an excellent way to build wealth over time, but it is essential to understand the different types of equity shares, their features, and the advantages and disadvantages of investing in them. By considering your individual financial goals and risk tolerance, you can make informed investment decisions and navigate the equity market with confidence.

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